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The Three Stooges waren eine US-amerikanische Komikertruppe, die insbesondere durch ihre zahlreichen Kurzfilme berühmt wurde. Ab war das Trio in wechselnden Besetzungen bis aktiv. Die Version der Jahre bis , bestehend aus den. (), dem einzigen Film, in dem alle drei Howard-Brüder (Moe, Curly und Shemp) zu sehen waren. Die Rückkehr von Shemp (–)[Bearbeiten |. Die Stooges – Drei Vollpfosten drehen ab (Originaltitel: The Three Stooges) ist eine US-amerikanische Slapstick-Komödie aus dem Jahr unter Regie von. The Three Stooges: Hauptdarsteller der Serie ist Curly Howard. Mit ihm wurden von Alternativtitel: Die drei Verrückten Die 3 Stooges ist eine Slapstickserie. Von den sechs Darstellern, die bei den Stooges im Laufe der Jahre mitspielten, waren drei Brüder: Moe, Curly und Shemp. Sie wuchsen in der Bensonhurst.
Von den sechs Darstellern, die bei den Stooges im Laufe der Jahre mitspielten, waren drei Brüder: Moe, Curly und Shemp. Sie wuchsen in der Bensonhurst. Die Stooges – Drei Vollpfosten drehen ab (Originaltitel: The Three Stooges) ist eine US-amerikanische Slapstick-Komödie aus dem Jahr unter Regie von. The Three Stooges waren eine US-amerikanische Komikertruppe, die insbesondere durch ihre zahlreichen Kurzfilme berühmt wurde. Ab war das Trio in wechselnden Besetzungen bis aktiv. Die Version der Jahre bis , bestehend aus den. Watchlist da rockandroel. A film featuring the Three Stooges, titled The Three Stoogesplease click for source production on March 14,with 20th Century Fox  and was directed by the Farrelly brothers. Most of the Stooges' peers had either made the marxdorfer wolfshund from shorts to features films Laurel and HardyThe Twd staffel 8 Brothers or had been starring their own feature films from the onset Marx BrothersAbbott and Costello. As for the remaining original replacement stooges, Joe Besser died of heart failure on Source 1,followed by Joe DeRita of pneumonia on July 3, Bands and artists I've seen live da Laxevaag.
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About The Author admin. Despite their lukewarm reception, the Besser shorts did have their comedic moments. In general, the remakes had the traditional Stooges knockabout look and feel, such as 's Pies and Guys a scene-for-scene remake of Half-Wits Holiday , which itself was a reworking of the earlier Hoi Polloi , Guns a Poppin , Rusty Romeos and Triple Crossed Columbia was the last studio still producing live-action and two-reel short films other studios were still making animated one-reelers well into the s, but the Stooges' last live-action competition, one-reel series Joe McDoakes , had ended its run in , and the market for such films had all but dried up.
As a result, the studio opted not to renew the Stooges' contract when it expired in December The final comedy produced was Flying Saucer Daffy , filmed on December 19—20, No formal goodbyes or congratulatory celebrations occurred in recognition of their work and of the money that their comedies had earned for the studio.
Moe visited Columbia several weeks after the dismissal to say goodbye to several executives. But without the current year's studio pass, Moe was refused entry, later stating that it was a crushing blow to his pride.
The studio had enough completed Stooge films to be released over the next 18 months, though not in the order in which they were produced.
With no active contract in place, Moe and Larry discussed plans for a personal appearance tour. In the meantime, Besser's wife suffered a minor heart attack and he preferred to stay local, leading him to withdraw from the act.
After Besser's departure, Moe and Larry began looking for potential replacements. Larry suggested former Ted Healy stooge Paul "Mousie" Garner , but based on his tryout performance, Moe later remarked that he was "completely unacceptable".
Weeks later, Larry came across burlesque performer Joe DeRita , and thought he would be a good fit. The early days of television provided movie studios a place to unload a backlog of short films that they thought otherwise unmarketable, and the Stooge films seemed perfect for the burgeoning genre.
ABC had even expressed interest as far back as , purchasing exclusive rights to 30 of the trio's shorts and commissioning a pilot for a potential series, Jerks of All Trades.
In September , Columbia's television subsidiary Screen Gems offered a package consisting of 78 Stooge shorts primarily from the Curly era , which were well received.
With so many films available for broadcast, daily television airings provided heavy exposure aimed squarely at children. Parents who had grown up seeing the same films in the theaters began to watch alongside their children and, before long, Howard, Fine and DeRita were in high demand.
The films were aimed at the kiddie-matinee market, and most were black-and-white farce outings in the Stooge tradition, with the exception of Snow White and the Three Stooges , a children's fantasy in color.
Throughout the early s, the Stooges were one of the most popular and highest-paid live acts in America. The Stooges also tried their hand at another weekly television series in titled The Three Stooges Scrapbook , filmed in color and with a laugh track.
The first episode, "Home Cooking", featured the boys rehearsing for a new television show. Like Jerks of All Trades in , the pilot did not sell.
However, Norman Maurer was able to reuse the footage reprocessed in black and white for the first ten minutes of The Three Stooges in Orbit.
The trio also filmed 41 short comedy skits for The New Three Stooges in , which features a series of animated cartoons produced for television.
The Stooges appeared in live-action color footage, which preceded and followed each animated adventure in which they voiced their respective characters.
In late , Howard, Fine and DeRita began production on another half-hour pilot, this time for a syndicated episode TV series titled Kook's Tour ,  a combination travelogue-sitcom that had the "retired" Stooges traveling to various parts of the world with the episodes filmed on location.
On January 9, , during production of the pilot, Larry suffered a paralyzing stroke , ending his acting career along with plans for the television series.
The pilot was unfinished and several key shots were missing, but producer Norman Maurer edited the available footage and made the pilot a minute special that was released to the Cartrivision videocassette home video market in The film would have been a departure from typical Stooge fare, with dark-edged humor and scenes of war violence, but insufficient funding prevented production from advancing beyond the script stage.
The act fared poorly with minimal bookings. For the next several years, Moe appeared regularly on talk shows and did speaking engagements at colleges, while DeRita quietly retired.
Larry suffered another stroke in mid-December , and four weeks later an even more massive one.
After slipping into a coma, he died a week later from a cerebral hemorrhage on January 24, The team was signed and publicity shots were taken, but one week prior to March's filming date, Moe was diagnosed with lung cancer and the Stooges had to back out; he died on May 4, Producer Sam Sherman briefly considered having former Stooge Joe Besser appear in his place, but ultimately decided against it.
As for the remaining original replacement stooges, Joe Besser died of heart failure on March 1, , followed by Joe DeRita of pneumonia on July 3, Emil Sitka was announced as a Stooge but never performed as such; he died on January 16, , six months after being disabled by a stroke.
Over half a century since their last short film was released, the Three Stooges remain popular with audiences. Their films have never left American television since first appearing in , and they continue to delight old fans while attracting new viewers.
They were a hard-working group of comedians who were never the critics' darlings, a durable act who endured several personnel changes in their careers that would have permanently sidelined a less persistent act.
Many scholarly studies of motion picture comedy have overlooked the Three Stooges entirely — and not without valid reasoning.
Aesthetically, the Stooges violated every rule that constitutes "good" comedic style. Their characters lacked the emotional depth of Charlie Chaplin and Harry Langdon ; they were never as witty or subtle as Buster Keaton.
They were not disciplined enough to sustain lengthy comic sequences; far too often, they were willing to suspend what little narrative structure their pictures possessed in order to insert a number of gratuitous jokes.
Nearly every premise they have employed spoofs of westerns, horror films, costume melodramas has been done to better effect by other comedians.
And yet, in spite of the overwhelming artistic odds against them, they were responsible for some of the finest comedies ever made.
Their humor was the most undistilled form of low comedy ; they were not great innovators, but as quick laugh practitioners, they place second to none.
If public taste is any criterion, the Stooges have been the reigning kings of comedy for over fifty years.
Beginning in the s, the Stooges finally began to receive critical recognition. The release of nearly all their films on DVD by has allowed critics of Joe Besser and Joe DeRita — often the recipients of significant fan backlash — to appreciate the unique style of comedy that both men brought to the Stooges.
In addition, the DVD market has allowed fans to view the entire Stooge film corpus as distinct periods in their long, distinguished career rather than unfairly comparing one Stooge to another the Curly vs.
Shemp debate continues to this day. The team appeared in films, but it is the durability of the short films the Stooges made at Columbia Pictures that acts as an enduring tribute to the comedy team.
Although the Three Stooges slapstick comedy was primarily arranged around basic plots dealing with more mundane issues of daily life, a number of their shorts featured social commentary or satire.
The Stooges were often anti-heroical commentators on the class divisions and economic hardships of the Great Depression in the United States.
They were usually under- or unemployed and sometimes homeless or living in shanty towns. The language used by the Three Stooges was more slang -laden than that of typical feature films of the period and deliberately affected a lower class status with use of crude terms, ethnic mannerisms, and inside jokes.
An example of this is the use of the initials A. Much of the "gibberish" that the Stooges sometimes spoke was actually the Jewish language of Yiddish.
The most famous example of this occurs 15 minutes into the short Mutts to You. Moe and Larry were impersonating Chinese laundrymen in an attempt to fool the local cop.
This translates as "I'm a China boy from Slobatkya Gebernya a Jewish European City in the 19th and 20th centuries stop annoying me and I don't mean maybe.
One important area of political commentary was in the area of the rise of totalitarianism in Europe, notably in the directly satirical You Nazty Spy!
The Three Stooges appeared in films through their career. Of those , short films were made for Columbia Pictures , for which the trio are best known today.
Their first Columbia film, Woman Haters , premiered on May 5, Their contract was extended each year until the final one expired on December 31, The last 8 of the 16 shorts with Joe Besser were released over the next 18 months.
The final release, Sappy Bull Fighters , premiered on June 4, Now controlled by DeRita's heirs, C3 Entertainment has since diversified into a brand management company licensing personality rights to various nostalgia acts, including The Three Stooges.
It was not until that Screen Gems packaged 78 shorts for national syndication; the package was gradually enlarged to encompass the entire library of shorts.
In the late s, AMC had held the rights to the Three Stooges shorts, originally airing them under a programming block called "Stooges Playhouse".
In , it was replaced with a program called N. The program would show three random Stooge shorts. Nielsen hosts the program as a college instructor, known as the Professor of Stoogelogy, who teaches to the students lectures on the Three Stooges before the Stooges' shorts air.
The block aired several shorts often grouped by a theme, such as similar schtick used in different films.
Although the block was discontinued after AMC revamped their format in , the network still ran Stooges shorts occasionally. On June 6, the network began running the Stooges Slap-Happy as a one-hour summer comedy block which ended on September 2, By , the network had discontinued the block.
Although Spike did air Stooges shorts for a brief period of time after the block was canceled, as of late April , the Stooges had disappeared from the network's schedule entirely.
AMC planned to put several episodes on their website in Since the s Columbia and its television division's successor, Sony Pictures Television , has preferred to license the Stooges shorts to cable networks, precluding the films from being shown on local broadcast TV.
Two stations in Chicago and Boston , however, signed long-term syndication contracts with Columbia years ago and have declined to terminate them.
KTLA in Los Angeles dropped the shorts in , but brought them back in as part of a special retro-marathon commemorating the station's 60th anniversary.
Since that time, the station's original 16mm Stooges film prints have aired occasionally as part of mini-marathons on holidays. Antenna TV , a network broadcasting on the digital subchannels of local broadcast stations owned by Tribune Broadcasting , who also owns KTLA , began airing the Stooges shorts upon the network's January 1, launch, which ran in multi-hour blocks on weekends through December 29, ; most of the Three Stooges feature films are also broadcast on the network, through Antenna TV's distribution agreement with Sony Pictures Entertainment whose Columbia Pictures subsidiary released most of the films.
While the network stopped airing Stooges shorts regularly from to , they were occasionally shown as filler if a movie ran short, as well as in holiday marathons.
However, the shorts returned to Antenna TV's regular lineup on January 10, Some films have been colorized by two separate companies. Sony offers 21 of the shorts on their web platform Crackle , along with eleven Minisodes.
The set contains shorts from the first three years the Stooges worked at Columbia Pictures , marking the first time ever that all 19 shorts were released in their original theatrical order to DVD.
Additionally, every short was remastered in high definition, a first for the Stooge films. Previous DVD releases were based on themes wartime, history, work, etc.
The chronological series proved successful, and Sony wasted little time preparing the next set for release.
Volume Two: — was released on May 27, , followed by Volume Three: — three months later on August 26, Demand exceeded supply, proving to Sony that they had a hit on their hands.
In response, Volume Four: — was released on October 7, , a mere two months after its predecessor. Volume Five is the first in the series to feature Shemp Howard with the Stooges and the final volume to feature Curly Howard.
As of , the 3-D versions of the two shorts in this volume have been removed. Volume Eight: — was released on June 1, This was the final volume of the Stooges collection, bringing the series to a close.
Volume Eight comprised three discs, and was the only volume to feature Joe Besser. With the release of the eighth volume, for the first time in history all Three Stooges short subjects had become available to the public, uncut and unedited.
This volume is not available separately, and comprises two feature films and three cartoons featuring all three Stooges, and also some of their solo work 14 shorts featuring Shemp Howard, 10 shorts featuring Joe Besser, and four shorts featuring Joe DeRita.
Three feature-length Columbia releases were actually packages of older Columbia shorts. Columbia Laff Hour introduced in was a random assortment that included the Stooges among other Columbia comedians like Andy Clyde , Hugh Herbert , and Vera Vague ; the content and length varied from one theater to the next.
Three Stooges Fun-o-Rama introduced in was an all-Stooges show capitalizing on their TV fame, again with shorts chosen at random for individual theaters.