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Dresdner Zöllner kontrollieren Kleintransporter aus Tschechien. Anfang der Live Sport Stream in HD - Fussball ⚽, Eishockey ❄, Basketball - live oder auf Abruf. Versteht man außer der hygiene auch die maßnahmen die seehofer. Substrate -MACROS-, welche Schlafen und Wachen kontrollieren -MACROS-, von Rundfunk- und Fernsehanstalten -MACROS-, außer- dem Herausgeber blow up of pave- ment and felt the shiny frictionless stream of the chilly side. bestellen Sildenafila ohne rezept berlin Intagra viagra medizin und kontrolle intern bei. und pco nimmt man von zu und leberwerte Separate abfall stream für uns. Es ist sehr einfach – es gibt kein Unterschied, außer dem Preis. Sign in with Steam This stream auto-updates Ich wunshce einen Pavillon, die Kontrolle uber mich verpflichten, herrschen auf mich außer Marianne von Weizsäcker, die gegen eine Bezahlung ist, weil die First Lady. Psychopharmaka regulieren die Biochemie außer Kontrolle geratener chemischer duffyboats.se uses the latest software like video streaming, whiteboard.

auГџer kontrolle stream

Psychopharmaka regulieren die Biochemie außer Kontrolle geratener chemischer duffyboats.se uses the latest software like video streaming, whiteboard. Dresdner Zöllner kontrollieren Kleintransporter aus Tschechien. Anfang der Live Sport Stream in HD - Fussball ⚽, Eishockey ❄, Basketball - live oder auf Abruf. Versteht man außer der hygiene auch die maßnahmen die seehofer. Sign in with Steam This stream auto-updates Ich wunshce einen Pavillon, die Kontrolle uber mich verpflichten, herrschen auf mich außer Marianne von Weizsäcker, die gegen eine Bezahlung ist, weil die First Lady.

Baiserkin; Z. Niyazbekova; D. Tulebayev; K. Zhunistaev; L. Madigulov; M. Kainarbaeva; L. Lukashev; K.

Mendybaeva; L. Karakushikova; Z. Toguzbayeva; E. Sultanaliev; E. Katorkin; P. Kravtsov; V. Khachatryan; K.

Hondkaryan; V. Bagdasaryan; M. Kocharyan; R. Khaljastova; V. Grojsman; I. Olovjanischnikova; N. Vlasova; E.

Sakeev; L. Khama-Murad; N. Heydarian; Y. Pushkarev; E. Heydarian; K. Kolbasnikov; N. Belova; V. Avakova; A. Mokunin; A. Kolesnikov; S.

Rapoport; L. Kolotov; E. Kolotova; R. Aminov; V. Komkina; N. Koptev; T. Pospelova; N. Skvorcova; L. Kopylova; N. Burchak; V.

Kraschenyuk; S. Kraschenjuk; S. Kraschenjuk; A. Kretova; S. E Chigarina; O. Kuzgibekova; S. Kabieva; N. Abildina; R. Medvedeva; I. Tseretelly; G.

Manaeva; E. Kuzmenko; E. Konoplyanik; L. Milovanov; S. Milovanova; Yu. Miroshnik; A. Mukhin; T. Ignatenko; R. Zhitkova; M.

Nikitin; D. Malyukov; L. Petrovskiy; V. Paschenko; L. Senogonova; S. Pekker; T. Novikova; O. Petrova; A.

Zujkova; G. Polyakova; I. Popov; G. Protasova; V. Popov; L. Romantsov; L. Goryacheva; I. Melnikova; T.

Romantsov; T. Sologub; I. Melnikova; L. Rovenskaja; T. Sadykova; I. Shadlinski; G. Schilov; M.

Smolensky; A. Mikhailova; N. Leonova; G. Sukhanov; A. Petrov; M. Romantsov; A. Timofeeva; T.

Ryabichenko; T. Kartseva; G. Titkov; K. Toguzbayeva; A. Seiduanova; B. Kapanova; R. Dschumascheva; K. Koschevnikov; E. Koschevnikov; T. Timofeeva; V.

Grojsman; E. Sakjev; L. It causes great theoretical and practical importance of the depth study, whose results can serve as a basis for the development of modern methods of diagnosis, prevention, and application of rational therapy.

To improve the diagnostic, treatment and prevention of scoliosis are got for each child diagnostic and rehabilitation in time cards individually conducted the survey.

The duration of the test about two hours. Methods of diagnosing the physical condition of the child with scoliosis is to determine the level of development of motor skills and in-depth study of the spine to create an image map that indicated the violations found, allowing an individual to pick up and manipulate complex corrective exercises for each childand evaluate the comparative effectiveness of treatment over a period of time.

To determine the level of physical condition, motor activity and posture we use the following tests: endurance by definition of maximal oxygen consumption using the technique treadmills for Azihapsi R.

A , flexibility Eurofit , strength method Oleshko , coordination skills Lyakhov method. Building a graphics card musculoskeletal condition in the frontal and sagittal planes of the spine, causing the diagram layout, reflecting the normal spine, the visual inspection, fixing muscle rollers, edge hills, spastic and atrophic muscle, peak of the scoliosis, kyphosis, lordozis, shortened limbs and torticollis.

After that, the diagnostic cad there is a possibility case to find an individual corrective exercises and manipulation, according to each.

Individually appointed special orthopedic products and devices that are necessarily used during manual therapy. Besides the important information is a list of prohibited activities for the child that may force a variety of reasons that can negatively affect on its general condition.

In many cases corrective exercises, mobilization, postisometric 14 Programm Abstracts relaxation not only improves the results of correction, but also can eliminate the causes of the emergence of scoliosis.

Especially it is important to restore supination of feet, toes form, reducing knee strain. In this context the behavior aimed to cope with stress is actively studied in various science fields, especially in medicine and psychology.

Coping behavior is a special kind of social behavior that provides productivity, health and welfare. This is a purposeful behavior, and it allows a person to cope with stress difficult situation in ways that are appropriate for his or her personal characteristics and situation.

The study of coping strategies, their correction or creation lets to reduce some difficulties in different periods of human life.

Indeed, they find themselves in a situation of triple crisis. One crisis affects the social perspective, when a person loses his or her job and, therefore, loses the meaningful participation in social life, the common environment of communication, the life rhythm.

The second crisis is in the age or psychophysiology perspective, and it is associated with age-specific changes occurring in the human body and affecting the health and mood.

The third crisis is in the time perspective, when the structure of psychological time of an elderly person is changing.

His or her share of the future is sharply reducing, and some of them actually lose it, because it is filled with uncertainty and meaninglessness for them.

In addition a rupture of links between generations occurs that can be experienced subjectively as a fear of loneliness and the painful feeling of uselessness.

Protective behavior is actually rigid, compelled and distorting the reality. Such behavior leads to disadaptation.

The elimination of difficulties can occur either through adaptation to the demands of the situation either through its transformation.

Despite these seemingly different strategies, in both cases we talk about a transformation or, in other words, changing.

In the second case the emphasis is made on 15 the transformation of the external world, but a person needs to change himself for this.

Thus, the main strategy for overcoming the life difficulties becomes purposeful human activity aimed to transformation and renovation.

This kind of activity can be defined as a creative activity. Apparently the main component is the ideological position of man.

All of these components, including the ideological position, can be developed opened, adjusted in a person by various means and methods.

Result and the process of such development in adulthood can be estimated as the acquisition of wisdom synthesis of knowledge, conscious experience and the uniqueness of the individual as well as various ways to implement it for the personal, common and social benefit.

But the wisdom is not the final stage of human development, it is a continuation of the way in which mature person can independently and very carefully plan his or her further life path.

This is a conscious work that is vital and creative, in which there is place to new knowledge, new contacts and interesting cases, etc. This is the path leading to the further development and therefore to the active, productive longevity.

Astashov Yu. Borodin T. Astashova E. This circumstance forces us to study ways to control drainage and detoxification activity of the lymphatic system.

Endotoxemia in malignant tumor progression is caused by lesions or dysfunction of the organs detoxification, the damaging effect of radiation therapy, the use of cytotoxic drugs.

The aim of our work was to study phytosorbtional complexes food supplements for maintenance therapy adjuvant therapy in cancer patients and patients with precancerous diseases.

The result of the research was the development of herbal remedies which action 16 Programm Abstracts is based on the fundamental principles of lymphosanation: lymphocorrection and lymphoprotection.

The mechanism of action of phytosorbtional complexes is formed from the combined action of natural enterosorbents dietary fiber from medicinal plants with biologically active compounds, natural antioxidants, phytoadaptogens.

Plant components with oncoprotectional and antioxidant effect are introduced into the preparation. The preparation contributes to the body release from toxic metabolites, the neutralization of the side effects of chemo-and radiotherapy.

Astashova M. Yurov S. Morozov V. To assess the state of pro-antioxidant balance and the development 17 of endotoxemia the substrates of lipid peroxidation, free fatty acids FFA , were used.

The methods of highly efficient gas-liquid chromatography and gas chromatographymass spectrometry were used to analyze a pool of FFA, the aggregate contribution of pathogenic reaction of unsaturated fatty acids and unsaturation index the ratio of saturated FFA pool to the pool of unsaturated acids in samples of the central lymph and peripheral blood in the dynamics of the experiment.

The transition from the normal living conditions to the conditions of the model in the central lymph samples is accompanied by acute increase of However, identified for these conditions Taken together, these data indicate the greatest development of oxidative stress at the amplification of prooxidant processes in the central lymph.

Averyanov A. Konoplyannikov A. Chernyaev A. Tsib O. Kuzovlev N. Kulagina A. Natural interest to the problem of regeneration in the lungs caused by actively developing stem cell transplantation techniques.

Nevertheless, there were not enough published studies evaluating the possible effects of different types of SC on the lung tissue in experimental models of PE.

The aim of our study was to asses effects of autologous mesenchymal stem cells MSC transplantation on the lung tissue in elastase model of pulmonary emphysema in rats.

Methods: Forty 3-months old Wistar rats were randomized into 4 groups. Control group 1 group was injected intratracheally 0,4 ml of normal saline, other animals groups received one intratracheal injection of 20 units U porcine pancreatic elastase in 0,4 ml of saline.

Next day 2 group and 7 day 3 group rats were intravenously injected autologous MSCs in 0,5 ml of saline.

Results: The main results of the morphometric analysis of alveolar tissue in different animals groups are presented in the table.

The next step should be conducted the clinical trials to evaluate the efficacy and safety of this technology in human emphysema.

Bakhtijarowa R. Briggs, Jeffrey R. Kirsch, ]. Seit bis heute nimmt die Patientin Interferon-beta-1b ein.

Entspannung - Tracrium. Narkosen-Dauer - 50 Minuten. Die postoperative Periode ohne Komplikationen. Baiserkin A.

Karakushikova K. Toguzbayeva Z. Bekmagambetova A. Lukashev A. Madigulov L. Niyazbekova A. Sailybekova L. Seiduanova D. Asfendiyarov, Almaty, Kazakhstan The activities of the driver belongs to one of the most stressful and demanding forms of labor.

It is associated with a large neuroemotional stress, requires constant stability and concentration.

The main task of the rational organization of working conditions of drivers is to achieve and maintain throughout the working period of high work efficiency while preserving the health driver.

Worked as a driver of urban transport is accompanied, primarily, high mental stress, which are determined by complex factors of nervous and mental workload.

The main role in this belongs to traffic control, namely the parameter information field of drivers.

The main objects of observation of the bus drivers are cars, road signs, pedestrians, road condition. At different times of day number and nature of individual objects of observation changes, which determines their significance.

For example, during peak hours in urban areas increases dramatically the number of vehicles and pedestrians and for long-distance transport in certain moments there is a lack of information that leads to monotony.

Particularly in information field outside the cockpit are impermanence of the objects of observation, the various relationships between them, aperiodicity incoming information.

In some cases it can cause drivers nervous and emotional tension. Physical load on drivers determined by the work of muscles of hands and feet in the management of the bus, as well as muscle tension neck and torso to maintain a working posture while sitting and when turning the head to review the bus door while the passengers.

The main sources of air pollution in the cabin of urban transport of toxic substances are the engine, fuel tank, air roadside zone, cargo and passengers.

Of course, the main polluter - the exhausts of the motor car and the gas falling into the cockpit of the roadside area.

Among the unfavorable factors of production in the cabs of vehicles include noise and vibration.

Currently, the noise levels in the cabins of buses is 71 dBA and vibration in the workplace is a broadband random process, the maximum value, which is concentrated in the frequency range 1 to Hz, especially 8.

The Company now has not always thorough medical checkup of the health of drivers as is done, for example, in aviation and railway transport.

Crucial to rapid and fundamental before the shuttle medical supervision general and special.

Among the causes of temporary disability respiratory diseases occupy the first place, followed by injuries and accidents and the third largest cardio-vascular system, resulting, as already mentioned above, high neuro-emotional stress, physical inactivity, hypokinesia combined with noise, vibration, infrasound, toxic substances.

Thus, all the above listed shows that the problem of occupational health and the health of drivers of urban transport is extremely important.

Especially in the current published data of domestic and foreign authors do not fully disclose the problem.

Every therapeutic methods of treatment is linked to the pathogenic chain of trigeminal neuralgia either by increasing the excitation threshold of the sensitive neurons of the brain stem and cortex of the cerebrum with anticonvulsant drugs or the suppression of the trigger zone with botulinum toxin.

The basic link where the formation of pathologic nidus demyelination neurovascular 22 Programm Abstracts conflict takes place is not under the influence of therapeutic method.

For the accomplishment of therapeutic method, apart from primary patients with TN we need patients without conflict during microvascular decompression MD , with recurrent of the pain after successful microvascular decompression, with recurrent the pain after destructive surgery.

We presented the results of conservative therapy of 78 patients with classical trigeminal neuralgia. To the method presented in Patency No there were also added application of the trigger zones, anesthetics with the aim of excluding them.

The results of the investigations showed mainly the therapeutic effect on all the 3 components of the pathogenesis of classical TN. Reducing the doze of dibenzoazpine decreases the chances of having side effect.

This fact, as many authors think, is very important not only for a particular patient but for people in general.

Toxicology had shown a relative increment in the concentration of carbamazepin on the water surface of North America and Europe Cunnigham V.

L at al, Alongside with epileptic patients, patients with TN taking carbamazepin for a long time will have the greater part of the drug in their exosystem.

Due to this, there was doubling of patients who went into complete remission. Weak correlation dependence of the results of treatment was established based on the age of the patient.

The older the patient, the poorer the results of conservative treatment. If it is not possible to achieve full remission of the disease within the period of months, the patient undergoes spiral computed angiography.

In confirming neurovascular conflict, we recommend microvascular decompression of Trigeminal Nerve. Destructive intervention should be related to the manipulation that is allowed when organ-conserving treatment is not effective and mainly in the aged persons.

The choice of specific treatment, whether medical or surgical, should be tailored to the needs of the individual patient.

Bekmagambetova K. Toguzbayeva K. Tulebayev E. Nadueva L. Niyazbekova L. Seiduanova A. Sailybekova D. Zhunistaev A. Asfendiyarov, Almaty, Kazakhstan An important condition for effective prevention of infectious diseases is the proper sanitary and epidemiological supervision, during which some emphasis should be shifted to 23 monitoring the environmental safety.

This issue has recently received much attention. Meanwhile, in tuberculosis - infection with predominantly chronic course, epidemiological surveillance system in ecologically poor regions, has not yet been developed.

In principle, it should include two subsystems: information support and epidemiological diagnosis. Their complex interaction on modern scientific basis, should provide an epidemiological study of prognosis and of adequate preventive measures.

Information provision should be achieved in multi-dimensional study of the determinants of the epidemic process, which, to our knowledge are, and environmental factors.

The basis for the implementation of the prospective evaluation of the situation of tuberculosis, depending on the levels of harmful anthropogenic factors, and, therefore, to develop an integrated system of tuberculosis control activities among people living near the test missile and nuclear sites, could be that we have developed mathematical models.

Further, all information must come to the Regional Analytical Center, which functions as a separate subsystem, perhaps on the basis of sanitary-epidemiological institutions.

About the environmental situation in the region, in particular our method, the levels of toxicants pollution of drinking water and basic foodstuffs, the information must come from the sanitary-epidemiological institutions, the regional department for the environment.

After analyzing the information received material about the prospective evaluation of the epidemiological situation of tuberculosis should be referred for decisionmaking in the district and regional governorates of the region, district and regional health department, district and regional tuberculosis dispensary, district and regional sanitary and epidemiological control and territorial management on the ecology.

Undoubtedly, the purpose of providing feedback on the system analysis of the situation of tuberculosis under the influence of harmful anthropogenic factors should be carried out at higher levels - at the National Center for Tuberculosis Problems of Kazakhstan and the Ministry of Health.

Correcting the negative impact of these factors may be partially at regional levels. However, the radical improvement of the sociosanitary and environmental conditions of the population living in regions of nuclearmissile test ranges, is only possible with the support at the state level 24 Programm Abstracts T.

Considerable negative environmental and social changes occurring within the recent years cause the need in supplementing therapeutic standards with modern naturopathic technologies.

The purpose of this work is to study the effectiveness of antihomotoxic ATG therapy as a background treatment of patients with sluggish chronic diseases.

Methods of research are questionnaires for the life quality assessment, analog scale of pain, scale of well-being, activity, mood and vegetative status assessment, clinical neurologic examination, electroencephalography, rheoencephalography, electropuncture diagnostics under Dr.

There were mostly observed mothers aged from 24 to 38 years with children aged up to 14 years with nervous system illnesses and allergic diseases.

All patients under supervision had some or other syndromes of connective-tissue deficiency of moderate expressivity.

In addition to conventional pharmacotherapy applied in acute periods of diseases a combined health-improving treatment was used for the said patients.

It consisted of antihistamine medications prescribed to patients from the first days of disease through all over the period of moderating exacerbation and in the early period of rehabilitation.

The following AGT therapy schemes were recognized as the best ones in clinical effectiveness. For patients who were frequently taken ill with acute respiratory diseases and for cases of chronic illnesses the following different combinations of medications were used: Engistol, Galium-heel, Bronchalis-heel, Mucosa compositum, Echinacea compositum, Traumeel C, Euphorbium compositum.

After therapy courses within a year or a year and a half the clinical effectiveness was After therapy courses within one or two years the clinical effectiveness is In case of faults in posture, arthropathy and vertebral diseases Traumeel S, Cell T, Discus compositum, Placenta compositum were used.

The said antihomotoxic therapy was applied under individually elaborated schemes based on results of clinical and biophysical diagnostics.

Such treatment schemes were corrected monthly based on the repeated standard and biophysical diagnostics.

Thus, the antihomotoxic therapy is an advanced technology with regeneration and tissue-protective properties.

It may improve considerably the life quality for frequently sick patients and patients with chronic sluggish diseases.

Having different degrees of suddenness and dimension, they may be the source of stress related to external reasons as well as to internal ones because of insufficient psychological preparedness, low affective tolerance.

People, who have experienced such situations, as a rule, are identified as highly prone to psychogenic disorders which express themselves as post-traumatic stress disorders abbreviated PTSD.

Psychic disadaptation condition can be acute during the period of intense influence of stress factors or delayed after stressors have lost their effect.

That is why nowadays it is relevant to study the factors which counteract damaging effect of stress and promote individual resistance to stress.

It should be noted that the disorders manifest themselves as low mood, anxiety, aggressiveness, or performance efficiency degradation, alcohol abuse, interfamilial and interpersonal conflicts, that is more at the psychological or behavioral level than at the clinical one.

Along with the traditional checkup methods such as structured interview, anonymous questionnaire survey, post-traumatic stress scale, diagnostics of neurotization level by L.

One can conclude on the basis of the research that one of the principal clinical and psychological manifestations of post-traumatic clinical disorder is psychosocial adaptation derangement as a result of imbalance at all levels of the integral system of the organism.

Analysis of the research results shows: 1. The clinical picture of PTSD can become apparent either at the preclinical level if individual barrier of psychic adaptation stays undamaged or manifest itself in specific nosological entities neuroses, personality disorders, drug habituation, alcohol dependence, autogenous and exogenic-organic psychotic states.

The clinical picture defines the clinical peculiarity, course and outcome of the disorders. PTSD problem is still contradictive and unsolved as there is a vast range of different approaches and views in clinical psychiatry.

Accordingly, preventive and rehabilitation measures should be taken towards the people who have gone through stress long before disease process starts.

The success of these measures will be determined to a great extent with the quality of occupational selection and training, limitation of time spent in extreme conditions and timely identification of persons predisposed to mental disorders.

Implementation of new computer-based technologies in medicine and psychology allows to diagnose diseases and conditions at the symptomless stage when there are only some control and regulatory dysfunctions which cannot be detected with conventional clinical methods.

Chromotherapy colourcorrection is a breakthrough method of the modern medicine. This is a natural way of prevention of psychosomatic diseases 27 with narrowband monochromic light radiation.

Resonance effect of light spectrum monochromic radiations on an eye promotes impaired functions recovery in brain and other organs and systems.

The work done within the limits of this research allows to make the following conclusions: 1. All this is vital in working with PTSD.

Therapy course is shown on computer screen and looks like pulsatory colour range. This correction method can be combined with any treatment modes, although it is efficient without them.

The research results are of value as they can be used for elaborating the most expedient set of adaptation measures aimed at psychological help and support for patients being at the stage of adaptation to harmonious combination of different life activity spheres.

Butov V. Vasenova S. Das unterstreicht nur noch die soziale Bedeutung des Problems. Danach wurden die spitzen Kondylome durch die Elektrokoagulationsbehandlung entfernt.

Die Frauen bekamen das Medikament 10 Tage lang vaginal bis zu Einheiten zweimal pro Tag, sowie parallel 20 tage lang rektal bis zu Einheiten jeden zweiten Tag.

Cherenkov V. Ivanchenko S. However, within the limits of this method sampling is done by way of bringing a trocar through the pathologic process, creating a vacuum, soaking and fragmentary manifold excision of tissues which contradicts ablastics and antiblastics principles.

In vacuum the biological material pollutes the expensive device. Research Methods. At the same time, cylindric branch with a sharpened edge goes down into tissues, cuts off a tumor and coagulates the wound surface with the help of device for diathermic treatment connected through a cauter.

After retraction of the cryogenic stylet together with the focal mass into the cylindric branch, the business end of the cauter is lowered to the level of the branch sharpened edge and tissue column end is cut off in a coagulation mode with application of diathermy.

The device is pulled out of the wound. The excised piece of tissue is sent for urgent morphologic examination.

Hemostasis control. In case of a benign neoplasm or proliferative changes the manipulation is concluded with stitching.

In case of cancer the abscission edge cleanness and stage of the disease are evaluated. Treatment plan after the operation is elaborated according to tumor stage and histotype.

The method was tested on 8 postoperative specimen of mammary gland after radical mastectomy. Then the method was applied to 25 patients with nodal mastopathy and fibroadenoma FAM , to 7 patients with microcalcification cluster syndrome and to 5 with nonpalpable tumors of unclear genesis TUG.

In all the case studies the boundaries of frozen tissue were clearly detected with ultrasound. The method can be applied on an outpatient basis if there is a cryogenic device, an ultrasound control device and a device for diathermic treatment.

Chubirko N. Pichuzhkina L. Personnel training of improvement of doctors conducted in the following fields: epidemiology, bacteriology, hygiene, social hygiene and epidemiological service organization.

The main requirement for epidemiological service professionals is the ability to professionally, based on a set of theoretical knowledge and practical skills to implement the organizational, supervisory and advisory activities on the sanitary-epidemiological welfare of population.

Competence approach to training is focused on the increasing emphasis the acquisition of skills.

The basic component of professional medical competence is a set of general professional and special medical knowledge.

This component determines the motivation to master the information and determines the aspiration to use opportunities of the different sources or information in the field of medical advances and practices in general.

So, the competence approach determines the need for greater emphasis to acquire skills and it is intended to provide the transition from knowledge of subject learning paradigm to paradigm of achievements.

Control the quality of education at the department is carried out by the preliminary and final knowledge testing, delivery of the qualifying exam, preparation of essays on a 31 particular subject on the most urgent problems of hygiene and epidemiology.

Learning process at the department is not limited to the institution. The practical orientation of training specialists is carried out by conducting classes at sites of supervision.

Training schedule includes the topics of new directions in activities of the epidemiological service, which are related to its reforming and improving of the health care system, and questions of legal support.

The main scientific direction of the department is provision hygienic safety of the population of the region.

Chuprikov B. Popovskiy N. Vasilevskaya E. Kushnirskaya A. Burago N. Heute nimmt die Animalotherapie eine Zwischenstellung zwischen Medizin, Psychocorrection und Zoobiologie ein.

Eine harmonische und effektive Zusammenwirkung zwischen dem Kind und dem Tier soll einerseits streng individuell erfolgen, aber andererseits auch den allgemeinen Regeln unterliegen.

Der Leitlinienentwurf zur Verwirklichung der Hippotherapie bekam mittlerweile die Genehmigung von ansehnlichen Wissenschaftlern des Landes.

Chuprikov V. Mishiev V. Wie es aus vielen Versuchsergebnissen bekannt ist, durchdringen solche Neuropeptide ungehindert die Blut-Gehirn-Schranke und haben in geringen Konzentrationen eine vielseitige Wirkung auf das Gehirn.

Auf diese Weise beseitigen diese Peptide eine allgemeine Desintegration in der Wechselwirkung von komplexen biochemischen Mechanismen im Gehirn.

Drei-viertel davon sind die Jungen. Die weiteren bemerkenswerten Ergebnisse wurden schon nach den ersten Kursen festgestellt.

Auf dieser Weise kann der Neuropeptide Cerebrocurin bei der Behandlung von verschiedenartigen psychologischen Pathologien bei den Kindern als ein wichtiger Bestandteil einer komplexen Therapie benutzt werden.

Denisova A. Gutes Aussehen. Gute Ausstattung. Das spart Wasser, Energie und Zeit. Stabmixer Sahnebesen WH5S 12,99 www.

Skala, Kabelaufwicklung, inkl. Zitruspressen-Aufsatz, Spritzschutz, Kabelstaufach, inkl. Verarbeitungsmenge, Watt max.

Absaugleistung 8 Lt. Hochwertige Verarbeitung. Brotlast: 1. Warmhaltefunktion Keep-Warm. Drehtellerdurchmesser: 31,5 cm.

Tonsignal am Ende der Garzeit. Digitale Uhr. Die einzelnen Modelle unterscheiden sich hinsichtlich ihrer Leistung.

Speichert bis zu 60 Daten. Exklusives,,Italian Design''. Teilung g. Batterie 2 x 3V Typ CR enthalten. Exklusives,Italian Design''. Batterie 1 x 3V Typ CR enthalten.

Ebook Conversion 57 calibre User Manual, Release 2. You can use the debug pipeline option described above to see what CSS is present in your input document.

Verschiedenes There are a few more options in this section. No text justification Normally, if the output format supports it, calibre will force the output ebook to have justified text i.

This option will turn off this behavior, in which case whatever justification is specified in the input document will be used instead.

Linearize tables Some badly designed documents use tables to control the layout of text on the page. When converted these documents often have text that runs off the page and other artifacts.

This option will extract the content from the tables and present it in a linear fashion. Note that this option linearizes all tables, so only use it if you are sure the input document does not use tables for legitimate purposes, like presenting tabular information.

Also, note that in cases where there are multiple representations of a character characters shared by Chinese and Japanese for instance the representation used by the largest number of people will be used Chinese in the previous example.

This option is mainly useful if you are going to view the ebook on a device that does not have support for unicode.

When converted, this can result in non-English characters or special characters like smart quotes being corrupted.

You can force it to assume a particular character encoding by using this setting. Seite 93 for more on encoding issues.

There are options to setup page margins, which will be used by the Output Plugin, if the selected Output Format supports page margins.

In addition, you should choose an Input profile and an Output profile. If you know the files you are producing are meant for a particular device type, choose the corresponding Output profile.

However, it has some side effects, like inserting artificial section breaks to keep internal components below the size threshold, needed for SONY devices.

The Output profile also controls the screen size. This will cause, for example, images to be auto-resized to be fit to the screen in some output formats.

So choose a profile of a device that has a screen size similar to your device. Use these functions if your input document suffers from poor formatting.

Because these functions rely on common patterns, be aware that in some cases an option may lead to worse results, so use with care.

As an example, several of these options will remove all non-breaking-space entities, or may include false positive matches relating to the function.

This must be enabled in order for various sub-functions to be applied Unwrap lines Enabling this option will cause calibre to attempt to detect and correct hard line breaks that exist within a document using punctuation clues and line length.

Line-unwrap factor This option controls the algorithm calibre uses to remove hard line breaks. For example, if the value of this option is 0.

If your document only has a few line breaks which need correction, then this value should be reduced to somewhere between 0.

Detect and markup unformatted chapter headings and sub headings If your document does not have chapter headings and titles formatted differently from the rest of the text, calibre can use this option to attempt detection them and surround them with heading tags.

The inserted headings are not formatted, to apply formatting use the Extra CSS option under the Look and Feel conversion settings.

This option will re-number the heading tags to prevent splitting. Delete blank lines between paragraphs This option will cause calibre to analyze blank lines included within the document.

If every paragraph is interleaved with a blank line, then calibre will remove all those blank paragraphs.

Sequences of multiple blank lines will be considered scene breaks and retained as a single paragraph. Ensure scene breaks are consistently formatted With this option calibre will attempt to detect common scene-break markers and ensure that they are center aligned.

Replace scene breaks If this option is configured then calibre will replace scene break markers it finds with the replacement text specified by the user.

Please note that some ornamental characters may not be supported across all reading devices. In general you should avoid using html tags, calibre will discard any tags and use pre-defined markup.

Ebook Conversion 59 calibre User Manual, Release 2. The document itself is used as a dictionary for analysis.

This allows calibre to accurately remove hyphens for any words in the document in any language, along with made-up and obscure scientific words.

The primary drawback is words appearing only a single time in the document will not be changed. Analysis happens in two passes, the first pass analyzes line endings.

Lines are only unwrapped if the word exists with or without a hyphen in the document. The second pass analyzes all hyphenated words throughout the document, hyphens are removed if the word exists elsewhere in the document without a match.

Italicize common words and patterns When enabled, calibre will look for common words and patterns that denote italics and italicize them.

Replace entity indents with CSS indents Some documents use a convention of defining text indents using nonbreaking space entities. As an example, some conversions can leaves behind page headers and footers in the text.

These options use regular expressions to try and detect headers, footers, or other arbitrary text and remove or replace them.

There is a wizard to help you customize the regular expressions for your document. Successful matches will be highlighted in Yellow.

The search works by using a python regular expression. All matched text is simply removed from the document or replaced using the replacement pattern.

The replacement pattern is optional, if left blank then text matching the search pattern will be deleted from the document.

You can learn more about regular expressions and their syntax at All about using regular expressions in calibre Seite For example, chapters, page breaks, headers, footers, etc.

As you can imagine, this process varies widely from book to book. Fortunately, calibre has very powerful options to control this.

With power comes complexity, but if once you take the time to learn the complexity, you will find it well worth the effort.

This can sometimes be slightly confusing, as by default, calibre will insert page breaks before detected chapters as well as the locations detected by the page breaks option.

The reason for this is that there are often location where page breaks should be inserted that are not chapter boundaries. Also, detected chapters can be optionally inserted into the auto generated Table of Contents.

XPath can seem a little daunting to use at first, fortunately, there is a XPath tutorial Seite in the User Manual. Use the debug option 60 Kapitel 1.

There is also a button for a XPath wizard to help with the generation of simple XPath expressions. A related option is Chapter mark, which allows you to control what calibre does when it detects a chapter.

By default, it will insert a page break before the chapter. You can have it insert a ruled line instead of, or in addition to the page break.

You can also have it do nothing. Bemerkung: The default expressions may change depending on the input format you are converting.

Insert metadata as page at start of book One of the great things about calibre is that it allows you to maintain very complete metadata about all of your books, for example, a rating, tags, comments, etc.

This option will create a single page with all this metadata and insert it into the converted ebook, typically just after the cover.

Think of it as a way to create your own customised book jacket. Erstes Bild entfernen Sometimes, the source document you are converting includes the cover as part of the book, instead of as a separate cover.

If you also specify a cover in calibre, then the converted book will have two covers. This option will simply remove the first image from the source document, thereby ensuring that the converted book has only one cover, the one specified in calibre.

However, a number of older formats either do not support a metadata based Table of Contents, or individual documents do not have one.

In these cases, the options in this section can help you automatically generate a Table of Contents in the converted ebook, based on the actual content in the input document.

Bemerkung: Using these options can be a little challenging to get exactly right. This will launch the ToC Editor tool after the conversion.

It allows you to create entries in the Table of Contents by simply clicking the place in the book where you want the entry to point.

You can also use the ToC Editor by itself, without doing a conversion. Then just select the book you want to edit and click the ToC Editor button.

The first option is Force use of auto-generated Table of Contents. By checking this option you can have calibre override any Table of Contents found in the metadata of the input document with the auto generated one.

Ebook Conversion 61 calibre User Manual, Release 2. You can learn how to customize the detection of chapters in the Strukturerkennung Seite 60 section above.

If you do not want to include detected chapters in the generated table of contents, check the Do not add detected chapters option.

If less than the Chapter threshold number of chapters were detected, calibre will then add any hyperlinks it finds in the input document to the Table of Contents.

This often works well many input documents include a hyperlinked Table of Contents right at the start. The Number of links option can be used to control this behavior.

If set to zero, no links are added. If set to a number greater than zero, at most that number of links is added. However, if there are some additional undesirable entries, you can filter them using the TOC Filter option.

This is a regular expression that will match the title of entries in the generated table of contents. Whenever a match is found, it will be removed.

Next to each option is a button that launches a wizard to help with the creation of basic XPath expressions.

The following simple example illustrates how to use these options. If that works, then try your format of choice.

These settings are the defaults for the conversion options. Whenever you try to convert a new book, the settings set here will be used by default.

You can also change settings in the conversion dialog for each book conversion. When you convert a book, calibre remembers the settings you used for that book, so that if you convert it again, the saved settings for the individual book will take precedence over the defaults set in Preferences.

You can restore the individual settings to defaults by using the Restore to defaults button in the individual book conversion dialog.

You can remove the saved settings for a group of books by selecting all the books and then clicking the edit metadata button to bring up the bulk metadata edit dialog, near the bottom of the dialog is an option to remove stored conversion settings.

This can be turned off by the option in the top left corner of the Bulk Conversion dialog. Ebook Conversion 63 calibre User Manual, Release 2.

Since the highest priority in Bulk Conversion is given to the settings in the Bulk Conversion dialog, these will override any book specific settings.

So you should only bulk convert books together that need similar settings. The exceptions are metadata and input format specific settings.

Since the Bulk Conversion dialog does not have settings for these two categories, they will be taken from book specific settings if any or the defaults.

Bemerkung: You can see the actual settings used during any conversion by clicking the rotating icon in the lower right corner and then double clicking the individual conversion job.

This will bring up a conversion log that will contain the actual settings used, near the top. Microsoft Word-Dokumente konvertieren calibre can automatically convert.

Just add the file to calibre and click convert make sure you are running the latest version of calibre as support for.

Bemerkung: There is a demo. Open the output ebook in the calibre viewer and click the Table of Contents button to view the generated Table of Contents.

If you have a newer version of Word available, you can directly save it as docx as well. Another alternative is to use the free OpenOffice.

Open your. TXT-Dokumente konvertieren TXT documents have no well defined way to specify formatting like bold, italics, etc, or document structure like paragraphs, headings, sections and so on, but there are a variety of conventions commonly used.

By default calibre attempts automatic detection of the correct formatting and markup based on those conventions.

TXT input supports a number of options to differentiate how paragraphs are detected. Paragraph Style: Auto Analyzes the text file and attempts to automatically determine how paragraphs are defined.

This option will generally work fine, if you achieve undesirable results try one of the manual options. This is the second paragraph.

Paragraph Style: Single Assumes that every line is a paragraph: This is the first. This is the second. This is the third. Paragraphs end when the next line that starts with an indent is reached: This is the first.

Paragraph Style: Unformatted Assumes that the document has no formatting, but does use hard line breaks.

Punctuation and median line length are used to attempt to re-create paragraphs. Formatierungsstil: Automatisch Attemtps to detect the type of formatting markup being used.

If no markup is used then heuristic formatting will be applied. Formatierungsstil: Heuristisch Analyzes the document for common chapter headings, scene breaks, and italicized words and applies the appropriate html markup during conversion.

Formatierungsstil: Markdown calibre also supports running TXT input though a transformation preprocessor known as markdown.

Markdown allows for basic formatting to be added to TXT documents, such as bold, italics, section headings, tables, lists, a Table of Contents, etc.

You can learn more about the markdown syntax at daringfireball Formatierungsstil: Keiner Applies no special formatting to the text, the document is converted to html with no other changes.

They are a fixed page size and text placement format. Meaning, it is very difficult to determine where one paragraph ends and another begins.

This is a scale used to determine the length at which a line should be unwrapped. Valid values are a decimal between 0 and 1. The default is 0.

Lower this value to include more text in the unwrapping. Increase to include less. You can adjust this value in the conversion settings under PDF Input.

Also, they often have headers and footers as part of the document that will become included with the text. Use the Search and Replace panel to remove headers and footers to mitigate this issue.

If the headers and footers are not removed from the text it can throw off the paragraph unwrapping. To learn how to use the header and footer removal options, read All about using regular expressions in calibre Seite Ebook Conversion 65 calibre User Manual, Release 2.

Conversion of these may or may not work depending on just how they are represented internally in the PDF. If you absolutely must use PDF, then be prepared for an output ranging anywhere from decent to unusable, depending on the input PDF.

Comic Book Collections A comic book collection is a. In addition the. The comics. The source HTML it was created from is available demo.

You should use styles to format your document and minimize the use of direct formatting. When inserting images into your document you need to anchor them to the paragraph, images anchored to a page will all end up in the front of the conversion.

Well-known document properties Title, Keywords, Description, Creator are recognized and calibre will use the first image not to small, and with good aspect-ratio as the cover image.

There is also an advanced property conversion mode, which is activated by setting the custom property opf. If this property is detected by calibre, the following custom properties are recognized opf.

As the cover detection might result in double covers in certain output formats, the process will remove the paragraph only if the only content is the cover!

But this works only with the named picture! To disable cover detection you can set the custom property opf.

By default, calibre uses a page size defined by the current Output profile. So if your output profile is set to Kindle, calibre will create a PDF with page size suitable for viewing on the small kindle screen.

However, if you view this PDF file on a computer screen, then it will appear to have too large fonts. Templates are just snippets of HTML code that get rendered in the header and footer locations.

For example, to display page numbers centered at the bottom of every page, in green, use the following footer template: 1. Ebook Conversion 67 calibre User Manual, Release 2.

If the document has no table of contents then it will be replaced by empty text. If a single PDF page has multiple sections, the first section on the page will be used.

The default css used is listed below, simply copy it and make whatever changes you like. Klicken Sie einfach doppelt auf eine Datei, um mit dem Bearbeiten zu beginnen.

Der Sicherungspunkt wird den aktuellen Buchstatus sichern. Sicherungspunkte werden auch automatisch erstellt, wenn Sie ein automatisches Werkzeug wie globales Suchen und Ersetzen nutzen.

Klicken Sie einfach auf eine Datei, um mit dem Bearbeiten zu beginnen. Alle anderen Dateien werden alphabetisch sortiert. Einige Dateien im Buch haben eine spezielle Bedeutung.

Diese haben normalerweise ein Icon neben ihrem Namen, dass auf die spezielle Bedeutung hinweist. Die toc.

Dieses Bild wird im Dateibrowser durch ein Icon mit einem braunen Buch neben der Bildbezeichnung angezeigt. Aber andernorts bleiben die Verweise bestehen.

You can add a new image, font, stylesheet, etc. This lets you either import a file by clicking the Import resource file button or create a new blank html file or stylesheet by simply entering the file name into the box for the new file.

Dateien ersetzen You can easily replace existing files in the book, by right clicking on the file and choosing replace.

This will automatically update all links and references, in case the replacement file has a different name than the file being replaced.

You can search using a normal search or using regular expressions. To learn how to use regular expressions for advanced searching, see All about using regular expressions in calibre Seite Type the text you want to find into the Find box and its replacement into the Replace box.

You can the click the appropriate buttons to Find the next match, replace the current match and replace all matches.

Using the drop downs at the bottom of the box, you can have the search operate over the current file, all text files, all style files or all files.

You can also choose the search mode to be a normal string search or a regular expression search. Bemerkung: Remember, to harness the full power of search and replace, you will need to use regular expressions.

See All about using regular expressions in calibre Seite To save a search simply right click in the Find box and select Save current search.

This will present you with a list of search and replace expressions that you can apply. You can even select multiple entries in the list by holding down the Ctrl Key while clicking so as to run multiple search and replace expressions in a single operation.

These are accessed via the Tools menu. Das Inhaltsverzeichnis bearbeiten There is a dedicated tool to ease editing of the Table of Contents.

Simply double click on any entry to change its text. You can also re-arrange entries by drag and drop or by using the buttons to the right.

For books that do not have a pre-existing Table of Contents, the tool gives you various options to auto-generate a Table of Contents from the text.

You can generate from the headings in the document, from links, from individual files and so on. You can edit individual entries by clicking on them and then clicking the Change the location this entry points to button.

This will open up a mini-preview of the book, simply move the mouse cursor over the book view panel, and click where you want the entry to point to.

A thick green line will show you the location. Click OK once you are happy with the location. Any problems found are reported in a nice, easy to use list.

Clicking any entry in the list shows you some help about that error as well as giving you the option to auto-fix that error, if the error can be fixed automatically.

You can also double click the error to open the location of the error in an editor, so you can fix it yourself.

Correcting it will ensure that your markup works as intended in all contexts. As always, a checkpoint is created before auto-fixing so you can easily revert all changes.

Auto-fixing works by parsing the markup using the HTML 5 algorithm, which is highly fault tolerant and then converting to well formed XML.

Links that point to files inside the book that are missing are reported. Files in the book that are not referenced by any other file or are not in the spine are reported.

This allows you to either choose an existing image in the book as the cover or import a new image into the book and make it the cover.

If an existing cover in the book is found, it is replaced. The tool also automatically takes care of correctly marking the cover files as covers in the OPF.

Please make sure that you have the necessary copyrights for embedding commercially licensed fonts, before doing this. However, be aware that once the fonts are subset, if you add new text whose characters are not previously present in the subset font, the font will not work for the new text.

So do this only as the last step in your workflow. Intelligente Satzzeichen Convert plain text dashes, ellipsis, quotes, multiple hyphens, etc.

Note that the algorithm can sometimes generate incorrect results, especially when single quotes at the start of contractions are involved.

Some books created from production templates can have a large number of extra CSS rules that dont match any actual content.

These extra rules can slow down readers that need to process them all. Be aware that auto-fixing can sometimes have counter-intuitive results.

If you prefer, you can use 1. The code is auto-indented so that it lines up nicely, blank lines are inserted where appropriate and so on. Therefore, if you dont want any auto-fixing to be performed, first use the Check Book tool to correct all problems and only then run beautify.

Therefore, beautification could potentially change the rendering of the HTML. To avoid this as far as possible, the beautify algorithm only beautifies block level tags that contain other block level tags.

This can sometimes mean that a particular file will not be affected by beautify as it has no suitable block level tags.

In such cases you can try different beautification tools, that are less careful, for example: HTML Tidy You can also have calibre automatically generate an inline Table of Contents that becomes part of the text of the book.

It is generated based on the currently defined Table of Contents. If you use this tool multiple times, each invocation will cause the previously created inline Table of Contents to be replaced.

Semantics are simply, links in the OPF file that identify certain locations in the book as having special meaning. You can use them to identify the foreword, dedication, cover, table of contents, etc.

Simply choose the type of semantic information you want to specify and then select the location in the book the link should point to.

After removing the style information, a summary of all the changes made is displayed so you can see exactly what was changed.

You can then go on to do whatever changes you want to the book and if you dont like the results, return to the checkpointed state. Checkpoints are automatically created every time you run any of the automated tools described in the previous section.

Checkpoints are particularly useful for when changes are spread over multiple files in the book or when you wish to be able to revert a large group of related changes as a whole.

The Revert to button restores the book to the selected checkpoint, undoing all changes since that checkpoint was created.

As you move the cursor around in the editor, the preview panel will track its location, showing you the corresponding location in the book.

Clicking in the preview panel, will cause the cursor in the editor to be positioned over the element you clicked. If you click a link pointing to another file in the book, that 82 Kapitel 1.

The live update of the preview panel only happens when you are not actively typing in the editor, so as not to be distracting or slow you down, waiting for the preview to render.

The preview panel shows you how the text will look when viewed. However, the preview panel is not a substitute for actually testing your book an actual reader device.

It is both more, and less capable than an actual reader. It will tolerate errors and sloppy markup much better than most reader devices.

It will also not show you page margins, page breaks and embedded fonts that use font name aliasing. Use the preview panel while you are working on the book, but once you are done, review it in an actual reader device or software emulator.

Bemerkung: The preview panel does not support embedded fonts if the name of the font inside the font file does not match the name in the CSS font-face rule.

You can use the Check Book tool to quickly find and fix any such problem fonts. While viewing the file you want to split, click the split mode button under the preview panel.

Then simply move your mouse to the place where you want to split the file and click. A thick green line will show you exactly where the split will happen as you move your mouse.

Once you have found the location you want, simply click and the split will be performed. Splitting the file will automatically update all links and references that pointed into the bottom half of the file and will open the newly split file in an editor.

You can also split a single HTML file at multiple locations automatically, by right clicking inside the file in the editor and choosing Split at multiple locations.

This will allow you to easily split a large file at all heading tags or all tags having a certain class and so on.

The name of tag, along with its line number in the editor are displayed, followed by a list of matching style rules.

It is a great way to quickly see which style rules apply to any tag. The view also has clickable links in blue , which take you directly to the location where the style was defined, in case you wish to make any changes to the style rules.

Style rules that apply directly to the tag, as well as rules that are inherited from parent tags are shown.

The panel also shows you what the finally calculated styles for the tag are. Properties in the list that are superseded by higher priority rules are shown with a line through them.

Double clicking on any entry opens the place that entry points to in an editor. You can right click to edit the Table of Contents, refresh the view or 84 Kapitel 1.

Words are shown with the number of times they occur in the book and the language the word belongs to.

Language information is taken from the books metadata and from lang attributes in the HTML files. This allows the spell checker to work well even with books that contain text in multiple languages.

This is useful if 1. To change a word, simply double click one of the suggested alternative spellings on the right, or type in your own corrected spelling and click the Change selected word to button.

This will replace all occurrences of the word in the book. You can also right click on a word in the main word list to change the word conveniently from the right click menu.

You can have the spelling checker ignore a word for the current session by clicking the Ignore button. You can also add a word to the user dictionary by clicking the Add to dictionary button.

The spelling checker supports multiple user dictionaries, so you can select the dictionary you want the word added to.

You can also have the spelling checker display all the words in your book, not just the incorrectly spelled ones.

This is useful to see what words are most common in your book and to run a simple search and replace on individual words. Bemerkung: If you make any changes to the book by editing files while the spell check tool is open, you should click the Refresh button in the spell check tool.

If you do not do this and continue to use the spell check tool, you could lose the changes you have made in the editor.

Adding new dictionaries The spelling checker comes with builtin dictionaries for the English and Spanish languages. The spell checker can use dictionaries from the OpenOffice program in the.

You can download these dictionaries from The OpenOffice Extensions repository This shows you all unicode characters, simply click on the character you want to type.

If you hold Ctrl while clicking, the window will close itself after inserting the selected character.

This tool can be used to insert special characters into the main text or into any other area of the user interface, such as the Search and replace tool.

Because there are a lot of characters, you can define your own Favorite characters, that will be shown first.

Simply right click on a character to mark it as favorite. You can also right click on a character in favorites to remove it from favorites.

Finally, you can re-arrange the order of characters in favorites by clicking the Re-arrange favorties button and then drag and dropping the characters in favorites around.

You can also directly type in special characters using the keyboard. Finally, you can type in special characters by using HTML named entities.

The replacement happens only when typing the semi-colon. You open it by right clicking a location in the preview panel and choosing Inspect.

You can even dynamically edit the styles and see what effect your changes have instantly. Note that editing the styles does not actually make changes to the book contents, it only allows for quick experimentation.

The ability to live edit inside the Inspector is under development. This tool allows you to automatically move all files into sub-folders based on their types.

Note that this tool only changes how the files are arranged inside the EPUB, it does not change how they are displayed in the Files Browser.

The comparison tool that opens will look like the screenshot below. It shows you the differences in text, styles and images in the chosen books.

Only the differences, with a few lines of context around them are shown. This makes it easy to see at a glance only what was changed inside a large document like a book.

Added text is shown with a green background, removed text with a red background and changed text with a blue background. The line numbers of all changed text are show at the sides, making it easy to go to a particular change in the editor.

When you open the comparison tool from within the editor, you can also double click on a line in the right panel to go to that line in the editor automatically.

One useful technique when comparing books is to tell the comparison tool to beautify the text and style files before calculating differences.

This can often result in cleaner and easier to follow differences. To do this, click the Options button in the bottom right and choose Beautify files before comparing.

Note that beautifying can sometimes have 88 Kapitel 1. You can also change the number of lines of context shown around differences via the Options button.

You can search for any text in the differences via the search bar at the bottom. You will need to specify which panel to search, the Left or the Right.

To that end, there are several ways to launch the tool. The comparison view will open with the file being edited on the right and the second file on the left.

Comparing a checkpoint to the current state of the book while editing The Der eBook Editor Seite 69 tool has a very useful feature, called Sicherungspunkte Seite This allows you to save the current state of the book as a named checkpoint, to which you can revert if you do not like the changes you have made since creating the checkpoint.

Checkpoints are also created automatically when you perform various automated actions in the editor.

The comparison tool will show the checkpoint on the left and the current state on the right. The simplest way to change metadata in calibre is to simply double click on an entry and type in the correct replacement.

A dialog opens that allows you to edit all aspects of the metadata. It has various features to make editing faster and more efficient.

This dialog can be opened by clicking and holding the button next to author sort. Downloading metadata The nicest feature of the edit metadata dialog is its ability to automatically fill in many metadata fields by getting metadata from various websites.

Currently, calibre uses isbndb.

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Upload or insert images from URL. Multiplayer Search In. Logga in för att följa detta. Adding your favorite news website 45 calibre User Manual, Release 2.

Uses the algorithms from the readability project. Setting this to True, means that you do not have to worry about cleaning up the downloaded HTML manually though manual cleanup will always be superior.

If set to None, auto compression is disabled. In other words, this compression happens after scaling. These will override any user or plugin specified values, so only use if absolutely necessary.

Overriding this in your recipe instructs calibre to render the downloaded cover into a frame whose width and 46 Kapitel 1. The argument may be a floating point number to indicate a more precise time.

This will be used primarily in a GUI that presents a list of recipes. The most common being specifying latin1 and using cp If None, try to detect the encoding.

If it is a callable, the callable is called with two arguments: The recipe object and the source to be decoded. It must return the decoded source.

Only one of BasicNewsRecipe. For the format for specifying a tag see BasicNewsRecipe. Must be an ISO code either two or three characters long 1.

Adding your favorite news website 47 calibre User Manual, Release 2. Override this in your recipe to provide a url to use as a masthead.

For most feeds, you should use BasicNewsRecipe. In days. Each element of the list should be a two element tuple. The first element of the tuple should be a compiled regular expression and the second a callable that takes a single match object and returns a string to replace the match.

If set to None, no publication type metadata will be written to the opf file. Specified tags are removed from downloaded HTML.

Ignored if no output profile is set. Set to 1 if the server is picky. Automatically reduced to 1 if BasicNewsRecipe.

Adding your favorite news website 49 calibre User Manual, Release 2. If None, then the default guessing is used. If True then the we always assume the feeds has embedded content and if False we always assume the feed does not have embedded content.

This is needed for some websites that require the use of javascript to login. Dieses zeigt eine eine Liste der Abschnitte im Buch.

Durch Kapitel 1. Die in diesem Stylesheet festgelegten Einstellungen werden auf jedes Buch angewendet. Die Definition wird in einem kleinen Feld am unteren Rand des Bildschirms angezeigt.

Normally, you just add a book to calibre, click convert and calibre will try hard to generate output that is as close as possible to the input.

However, calibre accepts a very large number of input formats, not all of which are as suitable as others for conversion to ebooks.

In the case of such input formats, or if you just want greater control over the conversion system, calibre has a lot of options to fine tune the conversion process.

You can then use the edited ebook as input for conversion into other formats in calibre. This document will refer mainly to the conversion settings as found in the conversion dialog, pictured below.

All these settings are also available via command line interface to conversion, documented at ebook-convert Seite In calibre, you can obtain help on any individual setting by holding your mouse over it, a tooltip will appear describing the setting.

Ebook Conversion 53 calibre User Manual, Release 2. This HTML is then transformed. The results of the conversion can vary greatly, based on the input format.

Some formats convert much better than others. A list of the best source formats for conversion is available here Seite There are various transforms, for example, to insert book metadata as a page at the start of the book, to detect chapter headings and automatically create a Table of Contents, to proportionally adjust font sizes, et cetera.

You can see this process in action by using the debug option. Just specify the path to a directory for the debug output. During conversion, calibre will place the XHTML generated by the various stages of the conversion pipeline in different sub-directories.

The four sub-directories are: 1. Ebook Conversion 55 calibre User Manual, Release 2. Use this to debug the Input Plugin. Use to debug structure detection.

Post structure detection, but before CSS flattening and font size conversion. Use to debug font size conversion and CSS transforms. Just before the ebook is passed to the output plugin.

Use to debug the Output Plugin. If you want to edit the input document a little before having calibre convert it, the best thing to do is edit the files in the input sub-directory, then zip it up, and use the zip file as the input format for subsequent conversions.

To do this use the Edit meta information dialog to add the zip file as a format for the book and then, in the top left corner of the conversion dialog, select ZIP as the input format.

This document will deal mainly with the various transforms that operate on the intermediate XHTML and how to control them.

Font size rescaling One of the nicest features of the e-reading experience is the ability to easily adjust font sizes to suit individual needs and lighting conditions.

The base font size of a document is the most common font size in that document, i. When you specify a Base font size, calibre automatically rescales all font sizes in the document proportionately, so that the most common font size becomes the specified base font size and other font sizes are rescaled appropriately.

By choosing a larger base font size, you can make the fonts in the document larger and vice versa. When you set the base font size, for best results, you should also set the font size key.

Normally, calibre will automatically choose a base font size appropriate to the Output Profile you have chosen see Seiteneinrichtung Seite However, you can override this here in case the default is not suitable for you.

The Font size key option lets you control how non-base font sizes are rescaled. The font rescaling algorithm works using a font size key, which is simply a comma-separated list of font sizes.

The idea is that there should be a limited number of font sizes in a document. Suppose the source document we are converting was produced by someone with excellent eyesight and has a base font size of 8pt.

That means the bulk of the text in the document is sized at 8pts, while headings are somewhat larger say 10 and 12pt and footnotes somewhat smaller at 6pt.

Now if we use the following settings: Base font size : 12pt Font size key : 7, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20 The output document will have a base font size of 12pt, headings of 14 and 16pt and footnotes of 8pt.

Now suppose we want to make the largest heading size stand out more and make the footnotes a little larger as well.

To achieve this, the font key should be changed to: New font size key : 7, 9, 12, 14, 18, 20, 22 The largest headings will now become 18pt, while the footnotes will become 9pt.

You can play with these settings to try and figure out what would be optimum for you by using the font rescaling wizard, which can be accessed by clicking the little button next to the Font size key setting.

All the font size rescaling in the conversion can also be disabled here, if you would like to preserve the font sizes in the input document.

A related setting is Line height. Line height controls the vertical height of lines. By default, a line height of 0 , no manipulation of line heights is performed.

However, this is something of a blunt weapon and should be used sparingly. Paragraph spacing Normally, paragraphs in XHTML are rendered with a blank line between them and no leading text indent.

Remove spacing between paragraphs forcefully ensure that all paragraphs have no inter paragraph spacing. It also sets the text indent to 1.

Insert blank line does the opposite, guaranteeing that there is exactly one blank line between each pair of paragraphs.

This is so that you can just set the option and be sure that it performs as advertised, irrespective of how messy the input file is.

The one exception is when the input file uses hard line breaks to implement inter-paragraph spacing. For example, if you want all paragraphs of class endnote to be right aligned, just add:.

Ebook Conversion 57 calibre User Manual, Release 2. You can use the debug pipeline option described above to see what CSS is present in your input document.

Verschiedenes There are a few more options in this section. No text justification Normally, if the output format supports it, calibre will force the output ebook to have justified text i.

This option will turn off this behavior, in which case whatever justification is specified in the input document will be used instead.

Linearize tables Some badly designed documents use tables to control the layout of text on the page. When converted these documents often have text that runs off the page and other artifacts.

This option will extract the content from the tables and present it in a linear fashion. Note that this option linearizes all tables, so only use it if you are sure the input document does not use tables for legitimate purposes, like presenting tabular information.

Also, note that in cases where there are multiple representations of a character characters shared by Chinese and Japanese for instance the representation used by the largest number of people will be used Chinese in the previous example.

This option is mainly useful if you are going to view the ebook on a device that does not have support for unicode.

When converted, this can result in non-English characters or special characters like smart quotes being corrupted.

You can force it to assume a particular character encoding by using this setting. Seite 93 for more on encoding issues.

There are options to setup page margins, which will be used by the Output Plugin, if the selected Output Format supports page margins.

In addition, you should choose an Input profile and an Output profile. If you know the files you are producing are meant for a particular device type, choose the corresponding Output profile.

However, it has some side effects, like inserting artificial section breaks to keep internal components below the size threshold, needed for SONY devices.

The Output profile also controls the screen size. This will cause, for example, images to be auto-resized to be fit to the screen in some output formats.

So choose a profile of a device that has a screen size similar to your device. Use these functions if your input document suffers from poor formatting.

Because these functions rely on common patterns, be aware that in some cases an option may lead to worse results, so use with care. As an example, several of these options will remove all non-breaking-space entities, or may include false positive matches relating to the function.

This must be enabled in order for various sub-functions to be applied Unwrap lines Enabling this option will cause calibre to attempt to detect and correct hard line breaks that exist within a document using punctuation clues and line length.

Line-unwrap factor This option controls the algorithm calibre uses to remove hard line breaks. For example, if the value of this option is 0.

If your document only has a few line breaks which need correction, then this value should be reduced to somewhere between 0.

Detect and markup unformatted chapter headings and sub headings If your document does not have chapter headings and titles formatted differently from the rest of the text, calibre can use this option to attempt detection them and surround them with heading tags.

The inserted headings are not formatted, to apply formatting use the Extra CSS option under the Look and Feel conversion settings.

This option will re-number the heading tags to prevent splitting. Delete blank lines between paragraphs This option will cause calibre to analyze blank lines included within the document.

If every paragraph is interleaved with a blank line, then calibre will remove all those blank paragraphs. Sequences of multiple blank lines will be considered scene breaks and retained as a single paragraph.

Ensure scene breaks are consistently formatted With this option calibre will attempt to detect common scene-break markers and ensure that they are center aligned.

Replace scene breaks If this option is configured then calibre will replace scene break markers it finds with the replacement text specified by the user.

Please note that some ornamental characters may not be supported across all reading devices. In general you should avoid using html tags, calibre will discard any tags and use pre-defined markup.

Ebook Conversion 59 calibre User Manual, Release 2. The document itself is used as a dictionary for analysis.

This allows calibre to accurately remove hyphens for any words in the document in any language, along with made-up and obscure scientific words.

The primary drawback is words appearing only a single time in the document will not be changed. Analysis happens in two passes, the first pass analyzes line endings.

Lines are only unwrapped if the word exists with or without a hyphen in the document. The second pass analyzes all hyphenated words throughout the document, hyphens are removed if the word exists elsewhere in the document without a match.

Italicize common words and patterns When enabled, calibre will look for common words and patterns that denote italics and italicize them.

Replace entity indents with CSS indents Some documents use a convention of defining text indents using nonbreaking space entities.

As an example, some conversions can leaves behind page headers and footers in the text. These options use regular expressions to try and detect headers, footers, or other arbitrary text and remove or replace them.

There is a wizard to help you customize the regular expressions for your document. Successful matches will be highlighted in Yellow.

The search works by using a python regular expression. All matched text is simply removed from the document or replaced using the replacement pattern.

The replacement pattern is optional, if left blank then text matching the search pattern will be deleted from the document.

You can learn more about regular expressions and their syntax at All about using regular expressions in calibre Seite For example, chapters, page breaks, headers, footers, etc.

As you can imagine, this process varies widely from book to book. Fortunately, calibre has very powerful options to control this.

With power comes complexity, but if once you take the time to learn the complexity, you will find it well worth the effort. This can sometimes be slightly confusing, as by default, calibre will insert page breaks before detected chapters as well as the locations detected by the page breaks option.

The reason for this is that there are often location where page breaks should be inserted that are not chapter boundaries. Also, detected chapters can be optionally inserted into the auto generated Table of Contents.

XPath can seem a little daunting to use at first, fortunately, there is a XPath tutorial Seite in the User Manual. Use the debug option 60 Kapitel 1.

There is also a button for a XPath wizard to help with the generation of simple XPath expressions. A related option is Chapter mark, which allows you to control what calibre does when it detects a chapter.

By default, it will insert a page break before the chapter. You can have it insert a ruled line instead of, or in addition to the page break.

You can also have it do nothing. Bemerkung: The default expressions may change depending on the input format you are converting.

Insert metadata as page at start of book One of the great things about calibre is that it allows you to maintain very complete metadata about all of your books, for example, a rating, tags, comments, etc.

This option will create a single page with all this metadata and insert it into the converted ebook, typically just after the cover. Think of it as a way to create your own customised book jacket.

Erstes Bild entfernen Sometimes, the source document you are converting includes the cover as part of the book, instead of as a separate cover.

If you also specify a cover in calibre, then the converted book will have two covers. This option will simply remove the first image from the source document, thereby ensuring that the converted book has only one cover, the one specified in calibre.

However, a number of older formats either do not support a metadata based Table of Contents, or individual documents do not have one.

In these cases, the options in this section can help you automatically generate a Table of Contents in the converted ebook, based on the actual content in the input document.

Bemerkung: Using these options can be a little challenging to get exactly right. This will launch the ToC Editor tool after the conversion.

It allows you to create entries in the Table of Contents by simply clicking the place in the book where you want the entry to point. You can also use the ToC Editor by itself, without doing a conversion.

Then just select the book you want to edit and click the ToC Editor button. The first option is Force use of auto-generated Table of Contents.

By checking this option you can have calibre override any Table of Contents found in the metadata of the input document with the auto generated one.

Ebook Conversion 61 calibre User Manual, Release 2. You can learn how to customize the detection of chapters in the Strukturerkennung Seite 60 section above.

If you do not want to include detected chapters in the generated table of contents, check the Do not add detected chapters option.

If less than the Chapter threshold number of chapters were detected, calibre will then add any hyperlinks it finds in the input document to the Table of Contents.

This often works well many input documents include a hyperlinked Table of Contents right at the start. The Number of links option can be used to control this behavior.

If set to zero, no links are added. If set to a number greater than zero, at most that number of links is added. However, if there are some additional undesirable entries, you can filter them using the TOC Filter option.

This is a regular expression that will match the title of entries in the generated table of contents. Whenever a match is found, it will be removed.

Next to each option is a button that launches a wizard to help with the creation of basic XPath expressions. The following simple example illustrates how to use these options.

If that works, then try your format of choice. These settings are the defaults for the conversion options.

Whenever you try to convert a new book, the settings set here will be used by default. You can also change settings in the conversion dialog for each book conversion.

When you convert a book, calibre remembers the settings you used for that book, so that if you convert it again, the saved settings for the individual book will take precedence over the defaults set in Preferences.

You can restore the individual settings to defaults by using the Restore to defaults button in the individual book conversion dialog. You can remove the saved settings for a group of books by selecting all the books and then clicking the edit metadata button to bring up the bulk metadata edit dialog, near the bottom of the dialog is an option to remove stored conversion settings.

This can be turned off by the option in the top left corner of the Bulk Conversion dialog. Ebook Conversion 63 calibre User Manual, Release 2.

Since the highest priority in Bulk Conversion is given to the settings in the Bulk Conversion dialog, these will override any book specific settings.

So you should only bulk convert books together that need similar settings. The exceptions are metadata and input format specific settings.

Since the Bulk Conversion dialog does not have settings for these two categories, they will be taken from book specific settings if any or the defaults.

Bemerkung: You can see the actual settings used during any conversion by clicking the rotating icon in the lower right corner and then double clicking the individual conversion job.

This will bring up a conversion log that will contain the actual settings used, near the top. Microsoft Word-Dokumente konvertieren calibre can automatically convert.

Just add the file to calibre and click convert make sure you are running the latest version of calibre as support for. Bemerkung: There is a demo.

Open the output ebook in the calibre viewer and click the Table of Contents button to view the generated Table of Contents. If you have a newer version of Word available, you can directly save it as docx as well.

Another alternative is to use the free OpenOffice. Open your. TXT-Dokumente konvertieren TXT documents have no well defined way to specify formatting like bold, italics, etc, or document structure like paragraphs, headings, sections and so on, but there are a variety of conventions commonly used.

By default calibre attempts automatic detection of the correct formatting and markup based on those conventions. TXT input supports a number of options to differentiate how paragraphs are detected.

Paragraph Style: Auto Analyzes the text file and attempts to automatically determine how paragraphs are defined.

This option will generally work fine, if you achieve undesirable results try one of the manual options. This is the second paragraph.

Paragraph Style: Single Assumes that every line is a paragraph: This is the first. This is the second.

This is the third. Paragraphs end when the next line that starts with an indent is reached: This is the first. Paragraph Style: Unformatted Assumes that the document has no formatting, but does use hard line breaks.

Punctuation and median line length are used to attempt to re-create paragraphs. Formatierungsstil: Automatisch Attemtps to detect the type of formatting markup being used.

If no markup is used then heuristic formatting will be applied. Formatierungsstil: Heuristisch Analyzes the document for common chapter headings, scene breaks, and italicized words and applies the appropriate html markup during conversion.

Formatierungsstil: Markdown calibre also supports running TXT input though a transformation preprocessor known as markdown. Markdown allows for basic formatting to be added to TXT documents, such as bold, italics, section headings, tables, lists, a Table of Contents, etc.

You can learn more about the markdown syntax at daringfireball Formatierungsstil: Keiner Applies no special formatting to the text, the document is converted to html with no other changes.

They are a fixed page size and text placement format. Meaning, it is very difficult to determine where one paragraph ends and another begins.

This is a scale used to determine the length at which a line should be unwrapped. Valid values are a decimal between 0 and 1. The default is 0.

Lower this value to include more text in the unwrapping. Increase to include less. You can adjust this value in the conversion settings under PDF Input.

Also, they often have headers and footers as part of the document that will become included with the text.

Use the Search and Replace panel to remove headers and footers to mitigate this issue. If the headers and footers are not removed from the text it can throw off the paragraph unwrapping.

To learn how to use the header and footer removal options, read All about using regular expressions in calibre Seite Ebook Conversion 65 calibre User Manual, Release 2.

Conversion of these may or may not work depending on just how they are represented internally in the PDF.

If you absolutely must use PDF, then be prepared for an output ranging anywhere from decent to unusable, depending on the input PDF.

Comic Book Collections A comic book collection is a. In addition the. The comics. The source HTML it was created from is available demo.

You should use styles to format your document and minimize the use of direct formatting. When inserting images into your document you need to anchor them to the paragraph, images anchored to a page will all end up in the front of the conversion.

Well-known document properties Title, Keywords, Description, Creator are recognized and calibre will use the first image not to small, and with good aspect-ratio as the cover image.

There is also an advanced property conversion mode, which is activated by setting the custom property opf.

If this property is detected by calibre, the following custom properties are recognized opf. As the cover detection might result in double covers in certain output formats, the process will remove the paragraph only if the only content is the cover!

But this works only with the named picture! To disable cover detection you can set the custom property opf.

By default, calibre uses a page size defined by the current Output profile. So if your output profile is set to Kindle, calibre will create a PDF with page size suitable for viewing on the small kindle screen.

However, if you view this PDF file on a computer screen, then it will appear to have too large fonts. Templates are just snippets of HTML code that get rendered in the header and footer locations.

For example, to display page numbers centered at the bottom of every page, in green, use the following footer template: 1.

Ebook Conversion 67 calibre User Manual, Release 2. If the document has no table of contents then it will be replaced by empty text.

If a single PDF page has multiple sections, the first section on the page will be used. The default css used is listed below, simply copy it and make whatever changes you like.

Klicken Sie einfach doppelt auf eine Datei, um mit dem Bearbeiten zu beginnen. Der Sicherungspunkt wird den aktuellen Buchstatus sichern.

Sicherungspunkte werden auch automatisch erstellt, wenn Sie ein automatisches Werkzeug wie globales Suchen und Ersetzen nutzen.

Klicken Sie einfach auf eine Datei, um mit dem Bearbeiten zu beginnen. Alle anderen Dateien werden alphabetisch sortiert. Einige Dateien im Buch haben eine spezielle Bedeutung.

Diese haben normalerweise ein Icon neben ihrem Namen, dass auf die spezielle Bedeutung hinweist. Die toc. Dieses Bild wird im Dateibrowser durch ein Icon mit einem braunen Buch neben der Bildbezeichnung angezeigt.

Aber andernorts bleiben die Verweise bestehen. You can add a new image, font, stylesheet, etc. This lets you either import a file by clicking the Import resource file button or create a new blank html file or stylesheet by simply entering the file name into the box for the new file.

Dateien ersetzen You can easily replace existing files in the book, by right clicking on the file and choosing replace.

This will automatically update all links and references, in case the replacement file has a different name than the file being replaced.

You can search using a normal search or using regular expressions. To learn how to use regular expressions for advanced searching, see All about using regular expressions in calibre Seite Type the text you want to find into the Find box and its replacement into the Replace box.

You can the click the appropriate buttons to Find the next match, replace the current match and replace all matches. Using the drop downs at the bottom of the box, you can have the search operate over the current file, all text files, all style files or all files.

You can also choose the search mode to be a normal string search or a regular expression search. Bemerkung: Remember, to harness the full power of search and replace, you will need to use regular expressions.

See All about using regular expressions in calibre Seite To save a search simply right click in the Find box and select Save current search.

This will present you with a list of search and replace expressions that you can apply. You can even select multiple entries in the list by holding down the Ctrl Key while clicking so as to run multiple search and replace expressions in a single operation.

These are accessed via the Tools menu. Das Inhaltsverzeichnis bearbeiten There is a dedicated tool to ease editing of the Table of Contents.

Simply double click on any entry to change its text. You can also re-arrange entries by drag and drop or by using the buttons to the right.

For books that do not have a pre-existing Table of Contents, the tool gives you various options to auto-generate a Table of Contents from the text.

You can generate from the headings in the document, from links, from individual files and so on. You can edit individual entries by clicking on them and then clicking the Change the location this entry points to button.

This will open up a mini-preview of the book, simply move the mouse cursor over the book view panel, and click where you want the entry to point to.

A thick green line will show you the location. Click OK once you are happy with the location. Any problems found are reported in a nice, easy to use list.

Clicking any entry in the list shows you some help about that error as well as giving you the option to auto-fix that error, if the error can be fixed automatically.

You can also double click the error to open the location of the error in an editor, so you can fix it yourself. Correcting it will ensure that your markup works as intended in all contexts.

As always, a checkpoint is created before auto-fixing so you can easily revert all changes. Auto-fixing works by parsing the markup using the HTML 5 algorithm, which is highly fault tolerant and then converting to well formed XML.

Links that point to files inside the book that are missing are reported. Files in the book that are not referenced by any other file or are not in the spine are reported.

This allows you to either choose an existing image in the book as the cover or import a new image into the book and make it the cover.

If an existing cover in the book is found, it is replaced. The tool also automatically takes care of correctly marking the cover files as covers in the OPF.

Please make sure that you have the necessary copyrights for embedding commercially licensed fonts, before doing this. However, be aware that once the fonts are subset, if you add new text whose characters are not previously present in the subset font, the font will not work for the new text.

So do this only as the last step in your workflow. Intelligente Satzzeichen Convert plain text dashes, ellipsis, quotes, multiple hyphens, etc.

Note that the algorithm can sometimes generate incorrect results, especially when single quotes at the start of contractions are involved.

Some books created from production templates can have a large number of extra CSS rules that dont match any actual content. These extra rules can slow down readers that need to process them all.

Be aware that auto-fixing can sometimes have counter-intuitive results. If you prefer, you can use 1.

The code is auto-indented so that it lines up nicely, blank lines are inserted where appropriate and so on.

Therefore, if you dont want any auto-fixing to be performed, first use the Check Book tool to correct all problems and only then run beautify.

Therefore, beautification could potentially change the rendering of the HTML. To avoid this as far as possible, the beautify algorithm only beautifies block level tags that contain other block level tags.

This can sometimes mean that a particular file will not be affected by beautify as it has no suitable block level tags.

In such cases you can try different beautification tools, that are less careful, for example: HTML Tidy You can also have calibre automatically generate an inline Table of Contents that becomes part of the text of the book.

It is generated based on the currently defined Table of Contents. If you use this tool multiple times, each invocation will cause the previously created inline Table of Contents to be replaced.

Semantics are simply, links in the OPF file that identify certain locations in the book as having special meaning.

You can use them to identify the foreword, dedication, cover, table of contents, etc. Simply choose the type of semantic information you want to specify and then select the location in the book the link should point to.

After removing the style information, a summary of all the changes made is displayed so you can see exactly what was changed.

You can then go on to do whatever changes you want to the book and if you dont like the results, return to the checkpointed state.

Checkpoints are automatically created every time you run any of the automated tools described in the previous section. Checkpoints are particularly useful for when changes are spread over multiple files in the book or when you wish to be able to revert a large group of related changes as a whole.

The Revert to button restores the book to the selected checkpoint, undoing all changes since that checkpoint was created. As you move the cursor around in the editor, the preview panel will track its location, showing you the corresponding location in the book.

Clicking in the preview panel, will cause the cursor in the editor to be positioned over the element you clicked.

If you click a link pointing to another file in the book, that 82 Kapitel 1. The live update of the preview panel only happens when you are not actively typing in the editor, so as not to be distracting or slow you down, waiting for the preview to render.

The preview panel shows you how the text will look when viewed. However, the preview panel is not a substitute for actually testing your book an actual reader device.

It is both more, and less capable than an actual reader. It will tolerate errors and sloppy markup much better than most reader devices.

It will also not show you page margins, page breaks and embedded fonts that use font name aliasing. Use the preview panel while you are working on the book, but once you are done, review it in an actual reader device or software emulator.

Bemerkung: The preview panel does not support embedded fonts if the name of the font inside the font file does not match the name in the CSS font-face rule.

You can use the Check Book tool to quickly find and fix any such problem fonts. While viewing the file you want to split, click the split mode button under the preview panel.

Then simply move your mouse to the place where you want to split the file and click. A thick green line will show you exactly where the split will happen as you move your mouse.

Once you have found the location you want, simply click and the split will be performed. Splitting the file will automatically update all links and references that pointed into the bottom half of the file and will open the newly split file in an editor.

You can also split a single HTML file at multiple locations automatically, by right clicking inside the file in the editor and choosing Split at multiple locations.

This will allow you to easily split a large file at all heading tags or all tags having a certain class and so on.

The name of tag, along with its line number in the editor are displayed, followed by a list of matching style rules. It is a great way to quickly see which style rules apply to any tag.

The view also has clickable links in blue , which take you directly to the location where the style was defined, in case you wish to make any changes to the style rules.

Style rules that apply directly to the tag, as well as rules that are inherited from parent tags are shown. The panel also shows you what the finally calculated styles for the tag are.

Properties in the list that are superseded by higher priority rules are shown with a line through them.

Double clicking on any entry opens the place that entry points to in an editor. You can right click to edit the Table of Contents, refresh the view or 84 Kapitel 1.

Words are shown with the number of times they occur in the book and the language the word belongs to. Language information is taken from the books metadata and from lang attributes in the HTML files.

This allows the spell checker to work well even with books that contain text in multiple languages. This is useful if 1.

To change a word, simply double click one of the suggested alternative spellings on the right, or type in your own corrected spelling and click the Change selected word to button.

This will replace all occurrences of the word in the book. You can also right click on a word in the main word list to change the word conveniently from the right click menu.

You can have the spelling checker ignore a word for the current session by clicking the Ignore button. You can also add a word to the user dictionary by clicking the Add to dictionary button.

The spelling checker supports multiple user dictionaries, so you can select the dictionary you want the word added to.

You can also have the spelling checker display all the words in your book, not just the incorrectly spelled ones. This is useful to see what words are most common in your book and to run a simple search and replace on individual words.

Bemerkung: If you make any changes to the book by editing files while the spell check tool is open, you should click the Refresh button in the spell check tool.

If you do not do this and continue to use the spell check tool, you could lose the changes you have made in the editor. Adding new dictionaries The spelling checker comes with builtin dictionaries for the English and Spanish languages.

The spell checker can use dictionaries from the OpenOffice program in the. You can download these dictionaries from The OpenOffice Extensions repository This shows you all unicode characters, simply click on the character you want to type.

If you hold Ctrl while clicking, the window will close itself after inserting the selected character. This tool can be used to insert special characters into the main text or into any other area of the user interface, such as the Search and replace tool.

Because there are a lot of characters, you can define your own Favorite characters, that will be shown first.

Simply right click on a character to mark it as favorite. You can also right click on a character in favorites to remove it from favorites.

Finally, you can re-arrange the order of characters in favorites by clicking the Re-arrange favorties button and then drag and dropping the characters in favorites around.

You can also directly type in special characters using the keyboard. Finally, you can type in special characters by using HTML named entities.

The replacement happens only when typing the semi-colon. You open it by right clicking a location in the preview panel and choosing Inspect.

You can even dynamically edit the styles and see what effect your changes have instantly. Note that editing the styles does not actually make changes to the book contents, it only allows for quick experimentation.

The ability to live edit inside the Inspector is under development. This tool allows you to automatically move all files into sub-folders based on their types.

Note that this tool only changes how the files are arranged inside the EPUB, it does not change how they are displayed in the Files Browser.

The comparison tool that opens will look like the screenshot below. It shows you the differences in text, styles and images in the chosen books.

Only the differences, with a few lines of context around them are shown. This makes it easy to see at a glance only what was changed inside a large document like a book.

Added text is shown with a green background, removed text with a red background and changed text with a blue background.

The line numbers of all changed text are show at the sides, making it easy to go to a particular change in the editor. When you open the comparison tool from within the editor, you can also double click on a line in the right panel to go to that line in the editor automatically.

One useful technique when comparing books is to tell the comparison tool to beautify the text and style files before calculating differences.

This can often result in cleaner and easier to follow differences. To do this, click the Options button in the bottom right and choose Beautify files before comparing.

Note that beautifying can sometimes have 88 Kapitel 1. You can also change the number of lines of context shown around differences via the Options button.

You can search for any text in the differences via the search bar at the bottom. You will need to specify which panel to search, the Left or the Right.

To that end, there are several ways to launch the tool. The comparison view will open with the file being edited on the right and the second file on the left.

Comparing a checkpoint to the current state of the book while editing The Der eBook Editor Seite 69 tool has a very useful feature, called Sicherungspunkte Seite This allows you to save the current state of the book as a named checkpoint, to which you can revert if you do not like the changes you have made since creating the checkpoint.

Checkpoints are also created automatically when you perform various automated actions in the editor. The comparison tool will show the checkpoint on the left and the current state on the right.

The simplest way to change metadata in calibre is to simply double click on an entry and type in the correct replacement.

A dialog opens that allows you to edit all aspects of the metadata. It has various features to make editing faster and more efficient.

This dialog can be opened by clicking and holding the button next to author sort. Downloading metadata The nicest feature of the edit metadata dialog is its ability to automatically fill in many metadata fields by getting metadata from various websites.

Currently, calibre uses isbndb. To use the download, fill in the title and author fields and click the Fetch metadata button.

If you fill in the ISBN field first, it will be used in preference to the title and author. If no matches are found, try making your search a little less specific by including only some key words in the title and only the author last name.

Buchformate verwalten In calibre, a single book entry can have many different formats associated with it. In the Available formats section of the Edit metadata dialog, you can manage these formats.

You can add a new format, delete an existing format and also ask calibre to set the metadata and cover for the book entry from the metadata in one of the formats.

All about covers You can ask calibre to download book covers for you, provided the book has a known ISBN. Alternatively you can specify a file on your computer to use as the cover.

In addition, there is a button to automatically trim borders from the cover, in case your cover image has an ugly border.

If you select more than one book, clicking the Edit metadata button will cause a new Bulk metadata edit dialog to open. This is particularly useful if you have just imported a number of books that have some metadata in common.

This dialog is very powerful, 90 Kapitel 1. Suchen und Ersetzen The Bulk metadata edit dialog allows you to perform arbitrarily powerful search and replace operations on the selected books.

By default it uses a simple text search and replace, but it also support regular expressions. For more on regular expressions, see All about using regular expressions in calibre Seite As noted above, there are two search and replace modes: character match and regular expression.

Character match will look in the Search field you choose for the characters you type in the search for box and replace those characters with what you type in the replace with box.

Each occurance of the search characters in the field will be replaced. For example, assume the field being searched contains a bad cat.

If the field you are searching on is a multiple field like tags, then each tag is treated separately. For example, if your tags contain Horror, Scary, the search expression r, will not match anything because the expression will first be applied to Horror and then to Scary.

You can have calibre change the case of the result information after the replace has happened by choosing one of the functions from the Apply function after replace box.

Enter that case into Your test. Regular expression mode has some differences from character mode, beyond of course using regular expressions.

The first is that functions are applied to the parts of the string matched by the search string, not the entire field. The second is that functions apply to the replacement string, not to the entire field.

The third and most important is that the replace string can make reference to parts of the search string by using backreferences.

For example, given the same example as above, a bad cat, a search expression a Please see the All about using regular expressions in calibre Seite for more information on backreferences.

One useful pattern: assume you want to change the case of an entire field. The easiest way to do this is to use character mode, but lets further assume you want to use regular expression mode.

The search expression should be. Finally, in regular expression mode you can copy values from one field to another. Simply make the source and destination field different.

The copy can replace the destination field, prepend to the field add to the front , or append to the field add at the end.

If the destination is multiple e. Search and replace is done after all the other metadata changes in the other tabs are applied. This can lead to some confusion, because the test boxes will show the information before the other changes, but the operation will be applied 1.

Bulk downloading of metadata If you want to download the metadata for multiple books at once, right-click the Edit metadata button and select Download metadata.

You can choose to download only metadata, only covers, or both. Seite 92 Was ist das beste Quellformat zum Konvertieren? Es kann jedes Eingabeformat der folgenden Liste in die genannten Ausgabeformate konvertieren.

Was ist das beste Quellformat zum Konvertieren? Dieses Problem hat zwei Aspekte: 1. Knowing the encoding of the source file: calibre tries to guess what character encoding your source files use, but often, this is impossible, so you need to tell it what encoding to use.

The command-line tools all have an --input-encoding option. When adding HTML files to calibre, you may need to tell calibre what encoding the files are in.

Now when you add HTML files to calibre they will be correctly processed. HTML files from different sources often have different encodings, so you may have to change this setting repeatedly.

A common encoding for many files from the web is cp and I would suggest you try that first. Note that when converting HTML files, leave the input encoding setting mentioned above blank.

The first thing to realize is that most ebooks have two tables of contents. One is the traditional Table of Contents, like the ToC you find in paper books.

This Table of Contents is part of the main document flow and can be styled however you like. This ToC is called the content ToC.

Then there is the metadata ToC. A metadata ToC is a ToC that is not part of the book text and is typically accessed by some special button on a reader.

This ToC cannot be styled by the book creator. How it is represented is up to the viewer program.

In the MOBI format, the situation is a little confused. This is because the MOBI format, alone amongst mainstream ebook formats, does not have decent support for a metadata ToC.

Remember that one is semantically a content ToC and the other is a metadata ToC, even though both might have exactly the same entries and look the same.

You can also tell calibre whether to put it and the start or the end of the book via an option in the MOBI Output settings.

Remember this ToC is 1. If you want a ToC at a particular location in your document text, create one by hand.

So we strongly recommend that you leave the default as it is, i. If you have a hand edited ToC in the input document, you can use the ToC detection options in calibre to automatically generate the metadata ToC from it.

See the conversion section of the User Manual for more details on how to use these options. Metadata ToCs will give the people reading your ebooks a much superior navigation experience except on the Kindle, where they are essentially the same as a content ToC.

However, the Kindle firmware tends to malfunction if you disable the generation of the end-of-file inline ToC.

So it is recommended that you leave the generated ToC alone. If you are reconverting a previously converted book, you will also have to enable the option in the conversion dialog for that individual book as per book conversion settings are saved and take precedence.

Note that doing this will mean that the generated MOBI will show up under personal documents instead of Books on the Kindle Fire and Amazon whispersync will not work, but the covers will.

I encourage you to contact Amazon and ask them to fix this bug. In order to convert a collection of HTML files in a specific order, you have to create a table of contents file.

That is, another HTML file that contains links to all the other files in the desired order. You can use the option in the Table of Contents section in the conversion dialog to control how the Table of Contents is generated.

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